99. Types of Thinking

For some questions there is only one correct answer–like the sum of the numbers 6 and 8 or the location of Taj Mahal. Thinking process involved in this is called ‘Convergent Thinking’. This is the opposite of ‘Divergent Thinking’ process.

‘Divergent thinking’ tries to find many possible solutions to any single problem. It expands a person’s mind. It allows creative thinking as there can be more than one solution to a problem.

The goal of divergent thinking is to generate as many ideas as possible. This thought process is spontaneous and free flowing. Ideas may be random and unorganized. Convergent thinking should follow divergent thinking to organize these ideas in an orderly fashion.

‘Critical thinking’ is involved when we try to assess the worth and validity of some existing things or theories. This requires precise ‘objective analysis’, which is a convergent thinking process.

‘Creative thinking’ is to generate new ideas which are as good as, or better than, the existing ones. This involves divergent thinking.

‘Inductive thinking’ is to reason from the smaller parts to the whole and from the examples to generalization.

‘Deductive thinking’ is to reason from the whole to its parts and from generalization to the examples.

Thinking is a special gift given only to human beings and the almost-human-primates. The rest of the creation lives by its instinct and not by thinking and solving problems.

Visalakshi Ramani


2 Responses to 99. Types of Thinking

  1. Dear Madam,
    I consider myself fortunate to land in your website as I got a mail(perhaps from”iyer123.yahoogroups) from your goodself. I will be completing 77 years of age on 28-08-2010.I have joined a website”tamilbrahmins.com” where one can register easily as a member by entering one’s E-Mail ID and password. Most of the Brahmin community
    from different parts of the world have joined and taking interest in discussing various topics of common interest.Gifted persons like you,I feel, should join the forum and share your knowledge with other members.

    • Dear Sir,
      Thank you for your mail and invitation to join in “tamilbrahmins.com”. I intend to join in it soon.
      Let me wish you “A very happy birthday and many many more happy returns of the same!”
      Please give my web links to friends who may not be members of Iyer group and tamilbrahmins.com
      and send me your feed back after reading the articles.
      with warm regards, yours sincerely,
      Visalakshi Ramani.

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